for summer beauty

Annual flowers can be described as those flowers that only grown one season in northern climates since most of these flower varieties cannot survive frosts or freezing temperatures. Some varieties are more fragile to cold than others. It's difficult to beat the all-summer color most annuals provide, whether they're planted on the edge of a landscaped bed, displayed in a hanging basket or planted in an ornamental clay pot.

Also see our page: Annual Flowers

BegoniaIn the northeastern United States where there have traditionally been about 120 days of summer weather without frost, annuals are safely planted after Memorial Day (end of May) and tend to do well throughout the summer months and much of September.
Some of the top annual flower favorites are impatiens, marigolds, geraniums and salvia. Consideration should first be given to the micro-climate (amount of sun, wind and water) but careful consideration must also be given to "4-legged friends" in the garden such as rabbits and deer. For example, deer might leave geraniums alone while they will readily destroy a bed of impatiens.




Prized for their flower and foliage. Begonias are versatile and will perform well in anything from full sun to shady areas. Ruby begonias are known for their bright pink flowers sharply contrasted by dark colored foliage.

  pink begonia
begonias in wall pouches  

BOBscaping video:


These long time favorites have benefited from the ongoing work of flower breeders, with a wide range of colors available to the avid flower gardener. Geraniums are on the least favorite food list of deer and will tolerate light frost. Grow them in full sun. Remove spent flower heads for better appearance and bloom. Ivy geraniums are excellent in hanging baskets, one of perennial favorites!
  red geranium
pink geranium  
  purple geranium
salmon colored geraniums  
  white geraniums
variegated leaf geranium  


For areas with partial shade, impatiens are the top choice among flower gardeners. They come in a wide range of colors and sizes, an annual that will suit all tastes.
  salmon colored impatiens
light purple impatiens  
  orange colored impatiens
  red impatiens


The bright cheerfulness and sturdiness of marigolds make them an all-time favorite in flower gardens. Remove spent flower heads and plant in full sun. Some gardeners plant them around the perimeter of their vegetable garden to deter rodents and pests.


Due to their tolerance of frost and colder temperatures, pansies are very popular for early spring plantings. Their smiling faces quickly brighten anyone's mood!
early spring color with pansies
  yellow pansies
mixed colors of pansies  
Lamp post flowers in spring!


With the Wave™ variety of petunias, plant breeders brought new life to another all-time favorite. Petunias are known for their hardiness and season-long color. Best grown in full sun with room to spread or cascade.

Above: Pink Wave™ petunias make an excellent hanging basket

pink petunias  
  purple petunia


Salvia makes a good selection for sunny areas with active deer browsing, since deer tend to leave it alone. Salvias come in a wide range of colors and varieties, far beyond the traditional red.
  red salvia
white salvia  

Red Salvia accents this Upper Saint Clair tiered fountain
Fountain planting of red salvia in Upper St. Clair


Annual flower photos

Problems with impatiens

Fertilizer basics

Soil pH defined



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