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RHODODENDRONS

Few plants in the home garden are quite as striking as Rhododendrons when they are in full bloom in the spring. Their large evergreen leaves make an excellent backdrop for their bright-colored flowers, with the hardiest varieties of Rhododendrons in the northeastern US usually being various shades of purple. Depending on your temperate zone, your Rhododendron color choices may easily vary.

 

Introduction to Rhododendrons
Family: Ericaceae

The genus Rhododendron includes nearly 1,000 species and countless numbers of cultivars (cultivated varieties). While azaleas are now included in the genus Rhododendron, there are some general differences between azaleas and rhododendrons. The most notable difference is that most rhododendrons are evergreen while most azaleas are deciduous (leaves fall off in winter). While indigenous to many nations, Rhododendrons are most common in China, Japan, and the eastern and northwestern United States.


Rhododendrons in Pennsylvania

Few spring flowering shrubs in Pennsylvania command the same attention and respect as Rhododendrons. These evergreens are well known for their large pom-pom shaped flowers that appear in rich purple, red, pink and white colors. The blooms are further highlighted by a background of large evergreen leaves.
   
When Rhododendrons are sited correctly - eastern or northern exposures away from harsh winter winds - they will perform magnificently. The huge purple Rhododendron in the photo below gives ample proof of how well they thrive in the right location. Gardeners who desire to grow healthy Rhododendrons should also pay close attention to finding a spot in the garden with good drainage and acidic soil.

  


Rhododendron Care

Rhododendron trimming should be done within 30 days of when blossoms fade, so the flower buds for next year's flower show aren't inadvertently removed. Some gardeners also like to "dead head" spent blossoms that have become seed heads, but care must be given not to damage new growth.
   
Send your Rhododendrons into winter with adequate moisture in their root zones to counter the drying affects of winter winds on evergreen foliage. In exposed areas of the landscape, plants can be protected with burlap 'shields' attached to stakes - like fencing. An alternative winter defense is applying an anti-desiccant to the foliage.
  

  

 

 

 

  

Huge purple Rhododendron in full bloom!
Large Purple Rhododendron
Standing 12 feet tall and spreading 20 feet laterally, this huge purple Rhododendron is a real 'show stopper' in springtime!

    

   
Rhododendrons planted in the Northeastern US

Red Rhododendrons

American
Dark red flower.

Holden
Rose red flower.

Nova Zembla
Dark red flower. The hardiest red variety in Pennsylvania gardens.

red Rhododendron
  
  

   

White Rhododendrons

Catawbiense
Pure white flower.

Chionoides
White flower with yellow center.

Cunningham's
White flower with pale yellow center.

white Rhododendron
  
  

  

Pink Rhododendrons

Janet Blair
Light pink flower.

Pink Dawn
Deep pink flower.

Scintillation
Fragrant pastel pink flower.

pink Rhododendron
 
  

 

Purple Rhododendrons

English Roseum
Rose purple flower.

Lee's Dark Purple
Deep violet purple flower with brown markings.

Roseum Elegans
Soft lavender pink flower.

purple Rhododendron

  


  

P.J.M. Rhododendron

Dwarf Rhododendron

Purple
Lavender pink flower.

Pink
The pink flowering PJM is our favorite.

P.J.M. Rhododendron

   


Large white Rhododendron
White flowers contrast nicely with the evergreen foliage and brick house

 

MORE

American Rhododendron Society

Azaleas and Rhododendrons

Rhododendron Problems

   


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